General Reference Sources      
Internet Search Engines
Internet Public Library The Internet Public Library

"The Internet Public Library is a public service organization and a learning/teaching environment at the University of Michigan School of Information."            ---from the IPL web site. 
IPL has won scores of awards for excellence and reliability.

Kids Click web site
"This is the web site of KidsClick!, a project of the Ramapo Catskill Library System.   ... KidsClick! was created by a group of librarians at the Ramapo Catskill Library System, as a logical step in addressing concerns about the role of public libraries in guiding their young users to valuable and age appropriate web sites."   ---from the KidsClick web site.  Awesome collection of well-organized links to valuable web sites on all types of research and report subjects.
RefDesk logo   

The owners of this site offer this description:
"Refdesk is free and family friendly. The site is the single best source for facts on the Net; a one-stop site for all things Internet: news, weather, sports, reference, encyclopedia, facts on file, dictionaries and encyclopedias, tutorials, search engines, Windows Operating Systems Resources, free stuff, games and much more.

The site has 20,000+ quality links. Named by Yahoo! Internet Life Magazine, 'Best Reference Directory for 2001 and 2002.' Named by PC Magazine, '2003: Top 100 Web Sites.' Selected by PC World Magazine, '2003: Best Research and Advice on the Web.' Forbes Magazine names Refdesk '2003: Best Reference Sites.' Gen. Colin Powell picked refdesk as his 'favorite web site.' 
Wikipedia for Schools:  an edited, abridged version of Wikipedia
"This 2008/9 Wikipedia DVD Selection is a free, hand-checked, non-commercial selection from Wikipedia, targeted around the UK National Curriculum and useful for much of the English speaking world. It has about 5500 articles (as much as can be fitted on a DVD with good size images) and is about the size of a twenty volume encyclopaedia (34,000 images and 20 million words)."
                                                        ...from the web site August '09
National Geographic Online Index :
Useful for many subjects, not just geography.  Find out when an article was published in National Geographic Magazine, then go rummage through Dad's old copies to find the article, or ask your librarian to find it in the library's back files or on the National Geographic CD set.
"The NGS Publications Index includes broad subject indexing to magazines, books, films and videos, educational products, map products, interactive features, and newsletters produced by the Society.  To find the full text of articles or books, or to find a video, you can visit your local library."  --from the NGS web site.  
A good place for basic facts and statistics. For example: the flag of Finland; the population of Arkansas; the president of Azerbaijan; how to use a slide rule.
To Fact Monster Colorful, kid-friendly reference and activity site. A great site for students to use as a link for their own web pages!

" (formerly known as was launched in August 2000 by Information Please. Fact Monster and its Homework Center have received national recognition for their unbeatable reference materials, fun facts and features, and individualized homework help."
                                                                ---from the FactMonster web site.
Li-Web-Cats  Search the catalogs of libraries throughout the world.
"lib-web-cats (library web sites and catalogs) is a directory of libraries worldwide. While the majority of the current listings are in North America, the numbers of libraries represented in other parts of the globe is growing."                           - Lib-Web-Cats web site 9-2010
The Library of Congress
Search the Library of Congress catalog, or connect to the LOC's other online collections.
"... the oldest quotation site on the Web, established 1994."